Carl Schmitt - The Theory of the Partisan
Purely organizationally, in terms of the strict function of command and obedience, it must even be said that in this regard many revolutionary organizations must be considered superior to many regular troops.
Agility, speed, and the sudden change of surprise attack and retreat—
increased mobility, in a word—are even today a hallmark of the partisan,
and this has only increased with mechanization and motorization. But both binaries are collapsed in revolutionary war when numerous semi- and pararegular groups and formations emerge.
A further touchstone that imposes itself on us in present times is the
intense political commitment which sets the partisan apart from other
fighters. The intensely political character of the partisan is crucial since he
has to be distinguished from the common thief and criminal, whose
motives aim at private enrichment. This conceptual criterion of his political character possesses—in its exact inversion—the very same structure as the case of pirates in maritime law, whose concept is based on the unpolitical character of his bad deed which aim at private theft and profit. The pirate is possessed of what jurisprudence knows as animus furandi [felonious intent]. The partisan, by contrast, fights on a political front, and it is precisely the political character of his action that brings to the fore again the original sense of the word partisan. The word is derived from Partei [party] and refers to the relation to some kind of fighting, warring, or politically active party or group. Such connections to a party are particularly strong in revolutionary times.
Een meesterwerk: een ode aan de partizanen, de revolutie, het gevecht tegen het dictatoriale geweldmonopolie van de burgerlijke instituten en de evolutie tot superioriteit tov reguliere troepen (opgeroepen burgers door de bourgeoisie in nationaal-staten of huurlingen). De politieke soldaat is in dit opzicht a priori beter gemotiveerd, vermits patriottische constructies, gemaakt om de strijd tussen bourgeoisie-belangen te verdedigen, na een tijd van militaire stagnatie op het veld zorgt voor de herrijzenis van de werkelijke sociale tegenstellingen.